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Carbon Emissions Calculator Readme

Developed to meet the specific needs of the beverage industry

Guidance notes

Recognising the environmental issues, shippers globally are demanding a better understanding of CO2 emissions relating specifically to beverage transportation.
 
A large amount of conflicting and generalised data is available on the subject of freight transport emissions.
JF Hillebrand has analysed data from numerous sources and has liaised with the Wine & Spirit Trade Association, also considering research undertaken by the Federation International Vins & Spirits (FIVS), in developing a tool to enable the beverage industry to reasonably calculate and compare estimates for emissions based on routing, mode, equipment type and quantity shipped.
 
The JF Hillebrand carbon calculator uses the following calculations:
 

Road Trailers (HGV's)

Emission calculation based on 1569 g Co2 per Km: (source; continuing survey of roads goods transport 2003: NAEI - NETCEN 2005 - based on load correction factors taken from CORPET III) payload 25 tons, therefore 63g CO2/tkm.
 

Rail – intermodal

Various European sources including WRI - WBCSD 2003, INFRAS 2004, IFEU 2005, FIVS 2007 and the Rail Emissions model (AEA Technology 2001) lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 26.4g CO2/tkm.
 

Sea freight – containerised – Deep sea

CO2 emissions based on information sourced from DEFRA 2005 and FIVS lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 14g CO2/tkm.
 

Seafreight – containerised – Coastal

 based on figures sourced from DEFRA 2005 and FIVS lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 37g CO2/tkm.
Ro-ro – trailers - based on figures sourced from DEFRA 2005 and FIVS lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 56g CO2/tkm.
 

Sea freight – operating reefer containers

At the time of publication (May 2008), very limited data is available on the additional emissions from operating reefer equipment. Research by the American Association of Wine Economists, published October 2007, indicates a 28% increase in emissions for operating reefers, compared to non-reefer container equipment. JF Hillebrand has therefore utilised a figure of 17g CO2/tkm.
 

Source for Nautical miles distances:

 

Air freight

JF Hillebrand’s Carbon Calculator does not include air freight calculations. Users are referred to the DEFRA Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions (DEFRA 2001), which gives a value of 570gCO2/tkm for short haul flights, and 1580gCO2/tkm for long haul (more than 500 kms) flights.
JF Hillebrand has no interest in promoting particular transport modes or routings and has taken an entirely impartial approach in developing its carbon calculation tool.
This Carbon Calculation tool provides the user with an estimate of emissions. We believe it represents an objective, reasonable and conservative assessment of emissions from what analysts agree is one of the most complex elements of the beverage supply chain.
 

Using JF Hillebrand’s carbon calculator

The principle calculation is based on transportation between nodal points (generally ports or railheads). The user then enters the road distance to the origin node from the loading point, and from the destination node to the final delivery point.
The carbon emission is determined for a full load consignment, from loading to delivery point, adding the emissions generated on the three transport legs. The CO2 emission is also shown per litre of wine transported, enabling comparison of emissions via different transport modes and equipment types, including shipment in bulk v packaged.
In all cases, the total litres of the consignment must be entered. 
  • For groupage / part load consignments the user should select Groupage from the Order Type drop down and enter the total litres of the consignment.
  • For Full loads (including bulk) the user should select Full Load from the Order Type drop down and enter the total litres of the consignment.
  • For shipment of deep sea bulk, please select 20ft container and enter the total litres of the consignment. For European bulk shipped in road tankers, select 13.6m trailer and enter the total litres of the consignment.
 

Steps in establishing the CO2 emission of a given movement:

 
  • Select Country of Origin
  • Select Destination Country
  • Select principle mode of transport
  • Select Order Type
  • Enter total litres of the consignment (mandatory)
  • Select Equipment Type
  • Select Origin Node
  • Select Destination Node
  • Enter Collection Town (starting point of the transport movement, normally where the consignment is loaded into the vehicle)
  • Enter distance from Collection Town to Origin Node     If same as Origin Node, enter 0 as distance
  • Link provided to Multimap.com as source of road distances
  • Please contact your local JF Hillebrand office for any advice on empty running provision/factor.
  • Enter Destination Town (end point of the transport movement, normally the point where the consignment is discharged from the container/trailer)
  • Enter distance from Destination Node to Destination Town. If same as Destination Node, enter 0 as distance
    Link provided to Multimap.com as source of road distances
    Please contact your local JF Hillebrand office for any advice on empty running provision/factor.
  • Press Calculate to show result.

Amending any of the above selections will clear the subsequent fields. 
 
Please note all distances are calculated on a one way basis, with the exception of transport movements from Mendoza in Argentina, the vast majority of which involve a round-trip from Buenos Aires and this is therefore reflected in the carbon calculator. Users are advised to contact your local JF Hillebrand office for any advice on what to include as an empty running provision/factor.
 

Equipment Types

The following equipment types are accommodated within the tool, as appropriate:

20ft Container (dry or bulk)
40ft Container
40ft Reefer Container
13.6m trailer
 

Nominal payloads / nominal total litres

The carbon calculator assumes equipment fill is optimised, based on cubic capacity in the base of 20ft containers and applicable national legal maximum payloads in the case of other equipment types