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Carbon Emissions Calculator: User Guide

Guidance notes

 
Recognising the environmental issues, shippers and receivers globally are demanding a better understanding of CO2 emissions relating specifically to beverage transportation.

JF Hillebrand has analysed data from numerous sources and has liaised with the Wine & Spirit Trade Association in developing a tool to enable the beverage industry to reasonably calculate and compare estimates for emissions based on routing, mode, equipment type and quantity shipped.

The JF Hillebrand Carbon Calculator which is based on WTW (Well-To-Wheel) emission factors (including upstream emissions/energy from “production” of fuel and infrastructure) uses the following calculations:
 

Road Trailers (HGV's)

Various European sources including Base Carbone 2014, HBEFA 3.2 – INFRAS 2014 and DEFRA 2014 lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 59.8g CO2/tkm.
 

Rail – intermodal

Various European sources including Base Carbone 2014, HBEFA 3.2 – INFRAS 2014 and DEFRA 2014 lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 22.6g CO2/tkm.
 

Sea freight – containerised (dry and operating reefer) – Deep sea

Emissions calculations based on Clean Cargo Working Group 2013 Trade Lane Emissions Factors. Figures expressed as  gCO2/TEU.km - 1 TEU volume unit = 10 tonnes.
 

Seafreight – containerised – Coastal

Figures sourced from DEFRA 2014 lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 37g CO2/tkm.
 

Ro-ro – vessel

Figures sourced from DEFRA 2014 lead JF Hillebrand to establish a figure of 59.2g CO2/tkm.
 

Source for Nautical miles distances:

 

Air freight

JF Hillebrand’s Carbon Calculator does not include air freight calculations. Users are referred to the DEFRA Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions (DEFRA 2014), which gives a value of 2256g CO2/tkm for short-haul flights (between 785km and 3700km), and 1278g CO2/tkm for long-haul flights (more than 3700km).
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JF Hillebrand has no interest in promoting particular transport modes or routings and has taken an entirely impartial approach in developing its carbon calculation tool. 
This Carbon Calculation tool provides the user with an estimate of emissions. We believe it represents an objective, reasonable and conservative assessment of emissions from what analysts agree is one of the most complex elements of the beverage supply chain. 

 

Using JF Hillebrand’s carbon calculator

The principle calculation is based on transportation between nodal points (generally ports or railheads). The user then enters the road distance to the origin node from the loading point, and from the destination node to the final delivery point. 
The carbon emission is determined for a full load consignment, from loading to delivery point, adding the emissions generated on the three transport legs (pre transport, main transport, post transport). The CO2 emission is also shown per groupage of pallets, enabling comparison of emissions via different transport modes and equipment types, including shipments in bulk vs packaged.
 
  • For Full Loads the user should select "Full Load" from the Order Type drop-down. The calculator specifies by default: 10 pallets/20' dry, 20 pallets/40' dry, 9 pallets/20' reefer, 19 pallets/40' reefer​
  • For LCL/Groupage/Part Load consignments, the user should select "Groupage" from the Order Type drop-down and enter the total pallets of the consignment.​
  • For shipment of Deep Sea bulk, please select 20ft container. For European bulk shipped in road tankers, please select 13.6m trailer.

 

Steps in establishing the CO2 emission of a given movement:

  • Select Country of Origin
  • Select Destination Country
  • Select Transport Mode
  • Select Order Type
  • Enter total pallets of the consignment (mandatory, except for Bulk)
  • Select Equipment Type
  • Select Origin Node
  • Select Destination Node
  • Enter Collection Town (starting point of the transport movement, normally where the consignment is loaded into the vehicle)
  • Enter distance from Collection Town to Origin Node (if same as Origin Node, enter 0 as distance). A link provided to maps.google.com as source of road distances. Please contact your local JF Hillebrand office for any advice on empty running provision/factor.
  • Enter Destination Town (end point of the transport movement, normally the point where the consignment is discharged from the container/trailer)
  • Enter distance from Destination Node to Destination Town. If same as Destination Node, enter 0 as distance. A link is provided to maps.google.com as source of road distances. Please contact your local JF Hillebrand office for any advice on empty running provision/factor.
  • Press Calculate to show result.

Amending any of the above selections will clear the subsequent fields.
 
Please note all distances are calculated on a one way basis, with the exception of transport movements from Mendoza in Argentina, the vast majority of which involve a round-trip from Buenos Aires and this is therefore reflected in the carbon calculator. Users are advised to contact their local JF Hillebrand office for any advice on what to include as an empty running provision/factor. 

 

Equipment Types

The following equipment types are accommodated within the tool, as appropriate:

20ft Container (dry, reefer or bulk)
40ft Container (dry or reefer)
13.6m trailer
 

Nominal Payloads

The carbon calculator assumes equipment fill is optimised.
 
  • Sea Transport: the TEU as a volume limit.
  • The applicable national legal maximum payloads for the pre and post transport. 
  •  
     
    Nominal payload for pre and post transport - Equipment (Total tonnes)
    Country Transport mode 13.6m trailer 20ft container 40ft container 20ft reefer 40ft reefer
    Argentina Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Australia Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Austria Road 24     17 21,5
    Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Belgium Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Bulgaria Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Chile Sea   18,5 23,5    
    China Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Cyprus Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Denmark Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Estonia Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Finland Sea   18,5 23,5    
    France Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Germany Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Greece Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Hong Kong Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Hungary Rail     24    
    Ireland Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Italy Rail   18,5 24    
    Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Japan Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Latvia Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Netherlands Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5    
    New Zealand Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Norway Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Poland Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Portugal Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Romania Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Russia Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Singapore Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    South Africa Sea   18,5 23,5    
    South Korea Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Spain Rail   18,5 23,5    
    Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Sweden Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Switzerland Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Taiwan Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    Thailand Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5
    UK Rail     24    
    Road 24        
    Sea   18,5 23,5    
    Uruguay Sea   18,5 23,5    
    USA Sea   18,5 23,5 17 21,5